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Oral Cytological Changes Related to Toombak Dipping or Tobacco Smoking



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Oral cancer is one of the major health problems in the Sudan, due to the habit of use of Toombak and cigarette smoking.Epithelial atypia (ET)was ascertained in 29 subjects and could not be ascertained in the remaining 271. Among the 29 subjects with ET, there were 11 (38%) toombak dippers, 14 (48%) cigarette smokers and 4 (14%) non-tobacco users. Among the 271 subjects without ET, there were 89 (33%) toombak dippers, 86 (32%) cigarette smokers and 96 (35%) non-tobacco users. ET was found in all the 5 control cases with OSCC. For the ET among toombak dippers and cigarette smokers, adjusted OR and the 95% CI were found to be 3 (0.91-9.7) and 4 (1.2-12.3), respectively.Exfoliative cytology is the most suitable method for implementation of oral screening program as it is both non-invasive and cheap.






Oral cancer is one of the major health problems in the Sudan, due to the habit of use of Toombak and cigarette smoking.Epithelial atypia (ET)was ascertained in 29 subjects and could not be ascertained in the remaining 271. Among the 29 subjects with ET, there were 11 (38%) toombak dippers, 14 (48%) cigarette smokers and 4 (14%) non-tobacco users. Among the 271 subjects without ET, there were 89 (33%) toombak dippers, 86 (32%) cigarette smokers and 96 (35%) non-tobacco users. ET was found in all the 5 control cases with OSCC. For the ET among toombak dippers and cigarette smokers, adjusted OR and the 95% CI were found to be 3 (0.91-9.7) and 4 (1.2-12.3), respectively.Exfoliative cytology is the most suitable method for implementation of oral screening program as it is both non-invasive and cheap.


by Hussain Gadelkarim Ahmed Dec 6 2012. Smokeless tobacco use not only leads to oral disease but increased mortality OR 1.4 was reported in a cohort study among 6927 ST users of all ages in Swedish construction industry employees Bolinder 1994. The Suhaily smokeless tobacco was associated with the highest percentage of the abnormal cytology results. Among 43 with atypical changes 10 23.3 were nontobacco users and 33 76.7 were Toombak users. Your dentist is trained to perform an oral examination to detect tobacco use related abnormalities. related with the rate of ribosomal RNA tran .


Toombak

TobaccoRelated Oral Disease 2012 MFMER slide14 Health Effects Cancers U.S. by AA Hassanin 2017 Cited by 10 BackgroundToombak dippinga form of smokeless tobaccois highly prevalent in the Sudan.Materials and methodsFor a casecontrol study we selected oral . This study showed that males had OSCC at a higher rate than females in accordance with the literature which may be attributed to the relatively increased frequency of habits related to toombak dipping cigarette smoking or alcohol usage in male patients compared to female patients. Introduction. Afghanistan and Toombak Sudan9. 12 Their findings suggested that toombak dipping and cigarette smoking are associated with a risk for occurrence of oral epithelial atypia which can be detected by use of simple cytological methods. KEY WORDS Atypia cytology Sudan oral cancer Toombak. Assessment of cytological atypia AgNOR and nuclear area in epithelial cells of normal oral mucosa exposed to toombak and smoking. Oral cancer is one of the major health problems in the Sudan due to the habit. Chewing tobacco and snuff can cause cancer in the cheek gums and lips. A mouth swap was taken from. Smokeless tobacco is a risk factor of cancer of the oral tissues and pharynx oral soft tissue lesions eg leukoplakia periodontal disease gingivitis caries halitosis tooth loss tooth stains and nicotine addiction and it has been associated with lowbirthweight babies and pancreatic cancer. Oral Changes Associated with Tobacco Use The oral changes from tobacco use range from harmless soft tissue changes to a lifethreatening oral cancer.


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